Horses and Ponies

Horses and Ponies

Colic in horses and ponies

Many horses and pony owners are afraid of colic, but not all forms are bad. This page discusses the causes of colic and how to treat it, including phoning a veterinarian (every time) and using complementary treatments.


Colic is a type of abdominal pain caused by a buildup of abdominal gas. You should contact your veterinarian as soon as possible.

Colic can be classified into three types. Tympanitic colic, cramping colic, and obstructive colic are the three types.

Tympanitic colic (abdominal bloating, gastric muscle tension, or wind colic) is characterized by intense, prolonged discomfort, sweat, anxiety, quick pulse, rigid belly, particularly on the right flanks, high-pitched bowel sounds, and inability to lie down or rest.

The cause is usually fermentation of food items in the stomach or colon. However, it can also be induced by many grains, harsh mixing, or heavy spring grazing.

Antispasmodic medications are used to regulate pain and analgesia, while oral antibiotics and vegetable oils aid in minimizing intestinal fermentation. The stomach tube can help reduce gas pressure in the stomach. In most cases, recovery is complete.

The most frequent of the three types of colic is cramming colic. It is most common in offspring horses, and shorter episodes can last several hours. Abdominal pain, sweat, restlessness, tightness in the lower belly, loud bowel sounds, and the horse’s attempt to roll are all present, and it’s not horrible at all.

Salt imbalance, a lack of sodium and chloride ions due to dehydration, or worm larvae movement are common causes.

Anticonvulsants and tranquilizers are used to treat the condition.

Obstructive colic can be split into severe and acute obstructive and less powerful, less painful consequences.

Toxin release causes shock, immediate severe discomfort, high temperature, high pulse rate, constipation, loss of appetite, and the horse may stare at its flanks when lying down.

Overeating, particularly dry matter—the worst of which is unsoaked dry food that should be soaked—is frequently the cause. Other causes include abrupt dietary changes, mechanical blockages such as intestinal distortions, tumors, venereal illnesses, and food shocks such as pelvic bending.

Emergency surgery, liquid paraffin and saline through the stomach tube, and rectal massage to break up any food particles are frequently required for treatment.

Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Please keep in mind that colic is a medical emergency; therefore, call your doctor every day.

Veterinary therapy can help support and augment spiritual healing and aura in emergencies by calming crystal healing massage points. Bach flower remedies, such as rescue remedies, are always helpful in spiritual healing and aura in emergencies.

Conclusion: Although you should always consult a veterinarian if you have colic, this information is helpful. We understand that not all colic is the fast-paced, often fatal obstructive type. Always seek the advice of a veterinarian when dealing with colic. Try to avoid colic as much as possible by soaking all foods that can be washed in the same quantity of water for the same amount of time and gradually changing your diet over a few days. While waiting for the veterinarian, supportive treatment is rarely harmful.